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Practical Advice

How to Hang Wooden Gates

Download "How to Hang Wooden Gates" in PDF format (opens a new window)

Our knowledgeable staff are always available to give you the information you need when choosing and installing your gates, posts and fittings. We can also provide a list of recommended professional fencing contractors in the local area who can fit your gate. However, if you would like to do this yourself, below is a guide on how to do the job. We hope this helps, but if you require further information please don’t hesitate to get in touch.

Before you order your gate you will need to decide the most suitable way for the gate to operate, which will usually be determined by the location. The images below demonstrate different ways to hang a gate.

How to Hang Wooden Gates
A. Single gate hung and closing on the back of the posts.
Measure the distance between the inside faces of your posts. Your gate size will then be distance between posts, plus the overlap on each post. Your gate will open one way 180°.

How to Hang Wooden Gates
B. Single gate hung and closing between posts.
Measure the distance between the inside faces of your posts, then deduct the clearances required at each postYour gate will open in or out 110°.

How to Hang Wooden Gates
C. Pair of gates hung on the back of the posts.
Measure the distance between the inside faces of your posts, then add clearances at each post and a gap between the gates. With this arrangement gates will open one way 110°.

How to Hang Wooden Gates
D. Pair of gates hung between the posts.
Measure the distance between the inside faces of your posts, then deduct the clearances required at each post and also the gap between the gates. With this arrangement, you gates will open in or out 110°.

Tools required:

  • Drill
  • 10mm flat/spade bit (or any 10mm bit with a spur on the end). Alternatively it is possible to buy a hand operated auger tool.
  • 4mm twist drill bit (for pre-drilling screw holes)
  • Hammer
  • Screwdriver
  • Spanner or socket set
  • Level
  • Pencil
  • Timber packers/folding wedges

How to hang your wooden gates

If you’ve not yet fitted the hinges to the gates then this should be done first. Please see ‘How to fit your hinges.’

Fitting the Hinges to the Gate Posts

This section assumes you’ll be fitting the hinges to either the front or rear face of the timber gate posts and can be followed if the hinge pins (gudgeons) are fitted to the posts within the opening; you’ll just have to take into account the different clearances required and the different positions of the hinge pins in relation to the posts. If you are fitting the hinge pins directly to brickwork or stonework, then again, you’ll have to adapt this to take into account the different fixings required. We do recommend however that, if possible, you fit to some kind of wooden post as this will give a stronger fixing for the hinges.

1) Lift the gate into your opening and decide on the clearance gap underneath. Normally 50mm (2”) is recommended but you can narrow this down slightly if the ground the surface is flat. Use flat pieces of timber or wedges to get the desired height. Wedges make it easier to adjust the height.

If hanging a pair of gates and the ground underneath slopes from one side of your opening to the other, start by fitting the gate on the highest side of the opening and minimize the clearance at this point.

Setting up a single gate within your opening

How to Hang Wooden Gates
If fitting a pair of gates then your clearances are normally 30mm; split 10mm between each gate and gate post and 10mm between the two gates in the centre. Pack or wedge the gate off the gate post by 10mm. You may need assistance in holding the gates as you fit the hinge pins.

Setting up a pair of gates within your opening, prior to hanging

How to Hang Wooden Gates
3) Once the gate is wedged or packed in place, check the top of the gate for level and double-check that the gate stile is plumb (vertical upright of the gate frame). If anything is out of level/plumb, adjust wedges/packers accordingly and re-check .

4) Once you’re happy that the gate is positioned correctly, get the bottom hinge pin and slide it up through the bottom hinge band until the hinge pin makes contact with the main part of the hinge band. Once in place, mark out or simply pre drill a couple of screw holes through the hinge plate.

5) Once you’ve pre-drilled the screw holes, put a couple of screws in and tighten then up; again don’t worry about drilling all the screw holes out at this stage, just do a minimum of two.

6) Fit the top hinge in a similar way. Placing this hinge upside down will prevent the gate from being lifted off.

7) Remove the packers and check for level and plumb. If the gate is not level or plumb, adjust accordingly by repositioning the hinge pin, NOT the hinge (it will stand out a mile!).

Swing the gate open and closed to check that it doesn’t catch on any obstacle such as rising ground that you may have overlooked.

If hanging a pair of wooden gates, once you’re happy that the first gate is plumb and swinging correctly, move onto the second gate and pack it off the floor to match the height of the first gate. Place packers between this gate and the gate post and also between this gate and the one that it is already hung. At this stage, it’s best to drive a wedge under the gate you’ve just hung to stop it swinging while you work.

Setting up the second double gate prior to hanging

How to Hang Wooden Gates
8) If everything is okay, then drill any remaining screw holes within both the hinge pin and hinge band and screw up tightly.
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